Homes Sales Up, Prices Remain Lower
Existing-home sales rose for the third consecutive month with inventory easing and home prices declining less sharply in June, according to the National Association of Realtors®.
Existing-home sales-including single-family, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops-increased 3.6% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.89 million units in June from a downwardly revised pace of 4.72 million in May, but are 0.2% lower than the 4.90 million-unit level in June 2008.
Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, is hopeful about the gain. “The increase in existing-home sales occurred in all major regions of the country,” he said. “We expect a gradual uptrend in sales to continue due to tax credit incentives and historically high affordability conditions. Despite the rise in closed transactions, many Realtors® are reporting lost sales as a result of new appraisal standards that went into effect May 1 of this year.”
A June survey of NAR members shows 3% experienced at least one lost sale as a result of the new Home Valuation Code of Conduct, with seven out of 10 reporting an increased use of out-of-area appraisers. Seventy percent of NAR appraiser members said consumers were paying higher fees, while 85% report a perceived reduction in appraisal quality.
“Clearly the process needs to be revised, but the most logical approach is to use appraisers with local expertise, industry designations and access to local data, who make a physical examination of the property and use apples-to-apples comparisons with nearby home sales,” Yun said. “In many cases, normal homes are being compared with distressed homes sold at a discount, which often are in subpar condition-this is causing real harm to both buyers and sellers.”
According to Freddie Mac, the national average commitment rate for a 30-year, conventional, fixed-rate mortgage rose to 5.42% in June from 4.86% in May; the rate was 6.32% in June 2008. Mortgage interest rates have trended lower in recent weeks.
Total housing inventory at the end of June fell 0.7% to 3.82 million existing homes available for sale, which represents a 9.4-month supply at the current sales pace, down from a 9.8-month supply in May. Raw inventory totals are 14.9% below a year ago.
“This is another hopeful sign-if we can keep the volume of sales above the level of new inventory, prices could stabilize in many areas around the end of the year,” Yun said.
An NAR practitioner survey in June showed first-time buyers accounted for 29% of transactions, unchanged from May, and that the number of buyers looking at homes is up nearly 12 percentage points from June 2008.
NAR President Charles McMillan, a broker with Coldwell Banker Residential Brokerage in Dallas-Fort Worth, said there are very good opportunities. “Despite some of the challenges, the housing market continues to demonstrate signs of recovery,” he said.
“The temporary first-time buyer tax credit is clearly helping people make a decision and is contributing to the overall stimulus impact, but since it’s taking longer to close transactions, many would-be beneficiaries may not be able to take advantage of the credit before the December 1 expiration date. As a consequence, consumers need the expertise of Realtors more than ever to navigate both the obstacles and opportunities in today’s market.”
The national median existing-home price for all housing types was $181,800 in June, which is 15.4% below June 2008. Distressed properties, which accounted for 31% of sales in June, continue to downwardly distort the median price because they generally sell at a discount relative to traditional homes.
Single-family home sales rose 2.4% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.32 million in June from a level of 4.22 million in May, and are 0.2% higher than the 4.31 million-unit pace a year ago. The median existing single-family home price was $181,600 in June, which is 15.0% below June 2008.
Existing condominium and co-op sales jumped 14.0% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 570,000 units in June from 500,000 in May, but are 3.1% below the 588,000-unit level in June 2008. The median existing condo price was $183,300 in June, down 18.9% from a year ago.
Regionally, existing-home sales in the Northeast rose 2.5% to an annual pace of 820,000 in June, but are 4.7% below a year ago. The median price in the Northeast was $249,400, down 5.9% from June 2008.
Existing-home sales in the Midwest increased 0.9% in June to a level of 1.10 million but are 1.8% lower than June 2008. The median price in the Midwest was $157,000, which is 9.1% below a year ago.
In the South, existing-home sales rose 4.0% to an annual pace of 1.81 million in June but are 3.7% below a year ago. The median price in the South was $163,200, down 11.9% from June 2008.
Existing-home sales in the West improved by 6.4% to an annual rate of 1.16 million in June, and are 11.5% higher than June 2008. The median price in the West was $214,800, which is 24.9% below a year ago.
For more information, visit www.realtor.org .
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